Wines of the Veneto Region
The Etruscans started the wine development in the region, already inhabited by the Venetians and the Reti, but the Romans, whose fame of the Rhaetian and Colli Euganei wines, expanded the cultivation of the vine with the relative production of the wines. and del Vicentino was not slow to spread a little everywhere in Europe. A first period of decline occurred at the time of the barbarian invasions, but the ecclesiastics were among those who firmly opposed the decline; even San Zeno, bishop of Verona, in his homilies invited the faithful not to abandon the vineyards (for this reason, his effigy appears in the trademark of the Bardolino DOC wine protection).
Viticulture prospered under the Republic of Venice, reaching its maximum development in the sixteenth century. However, some natural disasters reduced this viticultural wealth: the exceptional winter wave of 1709 caused very serious damage that had repercussions for a long time, and, even worse, in the following century, the vines were prey to Oidium, Downy mildew and Phylloxera, forcing the winemakers to restore the vineyards with vines from France and other Italian regions, marking the beginning of a new and brilliant phase of Venetian viticulture, whose wines today authoritatively rank in the important positions of the international markets.
Climate, Territory and Cultivation systems of the vine
The morphology of the Veneto region is characterized by the imposing mountain ranges of the Asiago plateau, from Monte Grappa and from the Dolomite groups. The plain reaches the sea with a large stretch of coast, delimited by the mouths of the Po and Tagliamento rivers. Numerous important rivers cross the region in full (Po), or in part (Adige), or with their entire course (Piave, Brenta, Bacchiglione, Livenza, Sile). The eastern shore of Lake Garda belongs to Veneto.
The temperate climate in the coastal strip, which determines harsh winters and sultry summers, takes on typical features of the continental climate due to the strong seasonal temperature variations and the increase in rainfall as you move away from the sea.
The qualitative resources of the Veneto region and the variety of the vineyards allow the vines to incorporate important mineral substances, the characteristics of which emerge during the wine tasting. In particular, the Basaltic soils of the Lessini Mountains, rich in iron and manganese, offer the wines flavor and freshness; in the area between Soave and Gambellara, Tufaceo-Calcarei soils of volcanic origin enhance the mineral notes of the Garganega; in the south-western plain the sandy soils give elegance to many white wines, while the sandy-clayey soils are more ideal for the production of fresh wines to drink young.
The most common vine growing systems in Veneto are the Guyot, the Sylvoz, the Pergola, the Veronese tent, the Cortine and the Bellussi, present only in the Treviso and Venetian plains.