Wines of the Lombardy Region
Located at the northern end of the peninsula, Lombardy is one of the largest Italian regions, the approximately half of which extends over a vast flat area. Compared to the main mountain ranges, the Prealps are arranged in a north-south direction and are characterized by the presence of numerous lakes. The hill emerges in the area between Ticino and Brembo, which narrows its belts near Bergamo and Brescia, and then expands near the lakes of Iseo and Garda. The plain, which at the foot of the hills has an altitude of 250 meters, extends to the Po and, in the Pavese, exceeds it, reaching the offshoots of the Apennines.
With regard to viticulture, only part of Lombardy's agricultural land is favored by good soil and climate conditions and therefore suitable for the cultivation of grapes; in some of these production areas, such as Oltrepò Pavese, Franciacorta and Valtellina, the quality standards are higher and, thanks also to modern winemaking techniques, the wines obtained rise to excellence, constituting a flagship of Italian winemaking worldwide.
Climate, Territory and Cultivation systems of the vine
The Lombard plain is characterized by a continental climate with strong excursions ending between day and night, while in the foothills the temperate climate and good sun exposure determine more favorable conditions for the cultivation of the grapes. This type of climate is ideal, in reality, for the viticulture of the production area of Valtellina, whose Alps place it sheltered from the cold winds of northern Europe, and thanks also to the nature of the sandy soils, obtained by the flaking of the granite rock, complex and structured wines are obtained.
In the production area of Franciacorta the soil is characterized by a variety of loose soils, integrated with clay, silt, sand and pebbles that allow the drainage of the water, from whose cultivation elegant wines are obtained with excellent aromaric complexity.
Optimal conditions for the cultivation of vines occur in the hilly area of Oltrepana, well exposed to the sun and characterized by the temperate climate and the soil, which is made up of marly and sandy soils with arenaceous and calcareous layers, whose peculiarities particularly favor the production of white berried grapes destined for the production of Spumante.
The most common vine growing systems in Lombardy are espalier, single or multiple Guyot and spurred cordon.