The Wines of the Marche Region
The Marche landscape, included in the belt between the Apennines and the sea, is extremely suggestive since the mountain range that slopes down towards the Adriatic coast highlights fantastic panoramic views of the hills, furrowed by green natural valleys. And it is precisely between these territories, particularly suited to the cultivation of vines, that the soil and climatic conditions combined with modern winemaking technologies allow the production of wines whose quality, in many cases, is elevated to excellence.
The viticulture in the Marche region dates back to ancient times with a wide range of vines, not always of quality, destined mostly for family consumption. The modernization began after the Second World War with the planting of valuable vines in the hilly areas of Jesi, Cupramontana and in the Piceni Hills, whose quality was officially recognized starting from the '62 with the application of the regulation on the legal protection of Denominations of controlled origin.
Currently over 200 varieties of vines are registered in the Marche, however Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Verdicchio and Trebbiano Toscano clearly prevail over all. Some lesser known autochthonous vines have recently come to the fore, while allochthonous vines such as Chardonnay, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon have been successfully integrated into traditional vines.
Climate, Territory and Cultivation systems of the vine
The Marche hills are characterized by a sub-continental climate, with compact soils rich in organic substances, in which the Biancame, Aleatico and Sangiovese vines find the ideal conditions for cultivation. There is a continental climate, however, in the internal areas, ideal for the cultivation of the Verdicchio and Lacrima vines, thanks also to the marly soils, rich in silt and limestone. The Mediterranean climate in the coastal area, characterized among other things by soils rich in marine sediments, determines soil and climatic conditions favorable for the cultivation of the Montepulciano grape.
The most common vine growing systems in the Marche are Guyot and spurred cordon.