Wines of the Molise Region
The cultivation of the vine in Molise has stood since ancient times, albeit for a wine production with a promiscuity character. Only in recent times has Molise viticulture aligned with modern technologies and the results, which are by far encouraging, have already reached about a third of the production of wines with designation of origin: DOC Biferno or Tintilia wines, obtained in the production areas Alto and Basso Molise represent concretely the expression of high quality, achieved with merit by Molise producers.
The ampelographic heritage, made up of indigenous vines such as Trebbiano, Greco, Cacaccione, Cacciadebiti, Bombino Bianco, Sangiovese and Montepulciano, was transmitted almost unchanged despite the attacks of phylloxera, until the 70-80 years of the century last. The traditional training system of the time, that is, the tent, is still widespread but is gradually being replaced with systems more suitable for mechanized viticulture.
Climate, Territory and Cultivation systems of the vine
The Molise territory consists mainly of mountains and hills, in addition to a 40 km long coastal strip. about. In the interior areas there is a sub-continental climate characterized by hot and muggy summers and harsh winters that make the cultivation of the vine difficult. The hilly area, however, where the temperate climate alternates between temperature variations between day and night, allows a better production activity made of wines of good finesse and olfactory complexity.
The soil of Molise is characterized by Calcareo-Marnosi-Selciosi and Argilloso-Marnosi soils that allow the production of quality wines, while in the coastal part, Argillosi and Sabbiosi are more ideal for a wine production that aims at quantity.
The most common vine growing systems in Molise are the Tendone, the Alberello, the Guyot and the spurred cordon