Wines of the Emilia-Romagna Region
Emilia Romagna is a region of central-northern Italy rich in history, culture, traditions and breathtaking landscapes. There are many attractions and wonders for the eyes and the spirit in a mixture of colors and scents of the earth, joy, music, art and food and wine.
Stretched between the Po river in the north and the Apennine mountains in the south, this region is considered among the most fertile and productive in Italy, thanks also to the influence of the Adriatic Sea which mitigates the climate in the coastal area. The contrast between the sea and the mountains creates climatic diversity for the benefit of the vineyards, ensuring the production of numerous types of wines deriving from native and international varieties of vines.
Climate, Territory and Cultivation systems of the vine
The Emilia-Romagna territory is divided more or less equally between the hills and the plains. In the western part of the region, the sub-continental climate is changing in the Mediterranean as one crosses the region arriving in the marine area. The internal area, on the other hand, is characterized by harsh winters and hot summers which cause strong diurnal and nocturnal temperature fluctuations which, combined with the fresh currents of the hills and sea breezes, favor the phenolic ripening of the grapes by virtue of wines of particular finesse and of excellent olfactory complexity.
With regard to the territorial aspect, Emilia Romagna is stretched along the Po Valley so that almost all the soils are of alluvial origin with deep soils, scarce of limestone, but rich in clay and silt which make them fertile. These are the best conditions for growing grapes from which it is possible to obtain fresh wines, sparkling wines and sparkling wines. In the Apennine area the soils are frank-lemon, frank-clayey and clayey-silty with variable quantities of limestone, which have ideal characteristics for the production of quality wines. A hint is deserving for the Ferrara coastal area, to underline that it has sandy and not very fertile soils in which the vine is grown "on the loose", that is without grafting, thanks to the sand that prevents phylloxera from developing, causing diseases to the plant.
Obviously it benefits the production of wines, especially those ready to drink, extraordinarily intense with floral aromas.
The cultivation systems practiced in Emilia Romagna are numerous and among the various methodologies we find: the Pergola romagnola, Syloz, Casarsa, Double inverted, GDC (Geneve Double Courtain), spurred cordon and free cordon. For the cultivation of the Sangiovese grape, typical of the area and widespread in the area south of via Emilia, the spurred cordon training system is widespread.